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Emili Dishnica Gliozheni, the first doctor of sciences in Albania

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Chemist, pharmacist, doctor of sciences

Emili, the first doctor of sciences in Albania, is known as a chemical pharmacist as well as a researcher of aromatic medical plants, a university teacher and a person committed to the same extent to equal gender opportunities in all spheres of life.

She was born in Korça on 16 October 1916 and also was schooled there up to the secondary level. Then she went to Italy, where she successfully completed higher studies in the branch of chemistry – pharmacy at the University of Pavia in 1938.

Returning to Albania, she worked as an educator in 1938-39 in the branches of chemistry and science in the women’s secondary school Nana Mbretëneshë in Tirana. From 1939 to 1950, she was the director of the pharmacy and the hospital laboratory in Korça and assisted with medications during the anti-fascist war (World War II), for which she was recognised with the status of a veteran.

In 1956-57, she worked as a chemist studying aromatic plants in the chemical laboratory of the Institute of Science in Tirana. She created the first laboratory for chemical analyses of aromatic and medicinal plants in Albania.

Emili received her doctorate in 1961, with the thesis Biochemical considerations about sage in our country and its essence. She was the first woman to receive that high title in Albania. When the University of Tirana opened, she began work as a pedagogue in the Department of Organic Chemistry and Bromatology. Later, she also lectured in pharmaceutical chemistry in the department of pharmacy. She is the author of the text The laboratory of pharmaceutical chemistry and the co-author and editor of the text Pharmaceutical chemistry. Her many scientific works were published primarily in the Bulletin of Natural Sciences of the Albanian Academy of Sciences.

Emili passed the greater part of her life studying various medical aromatic plants. She devoted special attention to the plant Salvia officinalis (sage) , which grows naturally in Albania, and made known the many values of this plant.

Emili’s valuable scientific work and her contribution in the field of chemistry and the advancement of Albanian society were also recognised by decorations of the Order of the Third Class (1988) and the Silver Order Naim Frashëri (2002).

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